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U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station, records

Identifier: MS0059

Scope and Contents

This collection primarily consists of meteorological records kept by the Charlotte Station of the National Weather Service and its predecessor agencies. Additional material is comprised of correspondence and newspaper clippings.


  • 1873 - 1996
  • 1873 - 1994


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

The U.S. National Weather Service station's headquarters were located in downtown Charlotte until approximately 1948, when a new office was opened at Douglas Municipal Airport (now Charlotte/Douglas International Airport). By 1950 observation records were being kept entirely at the airport office, and the downtown office eventually closed. In 1996, the airport office closed when the National Weather Service opened a regional office in Greer, S.C. at the Greenville-Spartanburg Airport. These records reflect the changes in meteorological record keeping practices. In the United States, standardized systems of meteorological observation and record keeping began in the Office of the Surgeon General in 1818 and were transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1847. These functions were taken over by the Office of the Chief Signal Officer of the War Department in 1870. The United States Weather Bureau was established as a separate department in 1890 and placed in the Department of Agriculture. In 1940, the Bureau was transferred to the Department of Commerce. Later, in 1965, the Bureau was consolidated with the Coast and Geodetic Survey to form the Environmental Science Services Administration, which was superseded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [Officially, the agency is known as the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service.] [NOTE: For additional information, see Donald Robert Whitnah, A History of the United States Weather Bureau (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1961.]


26 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



Meteorological records maintained since the beginning of formal, U.S.-sponsored weather observations in Charlotte. Includes correspondence (1878-86); daily journals (1878-1904), which describe in detail the effects of the 1886 earthquake; and the Monthly Meteorological Record (1878-).


The collection is arranged into two main series and several subseries. There is also one file of clippings that is not organized into either series. The series are as follows:

Correspondence, Weather Data Records - Daily, Weekly, Monthly and Annual Ledgers (subseries: Daily Journals, Miscellaneous weather forms, Weekly Meteorological Records, Monthly Observations, Daily Records and Annual Summaries (subseries: U.S. Department of Agriculture Weather Bureau - Forms 1001, 1002 and 1014 Meteorological), Monthly Meteorological Records (subseries: Monthly Meteorological Summary, Monthly Meteorological Report and Weather Surface Observations)

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Records received on an annual basis from the Charlotte Station of the U.S. National Weather Service, 1978-1997. Transfer from UNC Charlotte Library Government Documents Unit, 1989.

Records of the U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
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Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives, UNC Charlotte Repository

Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
9201 University City Blvd
Charlotte 28223 United Stated

About this Site

Finding aids are guides to archival collections, including manuscripts, university records, and oral history collections. These guides help you find physical collections which can be viewed in the Dalton Reading Room on the 10th floor of Atkins Library. A small number of finding aids link to digital content online. Please contact us to learn more or to schedule an appointment:

Special Collections and University Archives
J. Murrey Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
(704) 687-1170
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