U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station, records
Scope and Contents
This collection primarily consists of meteorological records kept by the Charlotte Station of the National Weather Service and its predecessor agencies. Additional material is comprised of correspondence and newspaper clippings.
- 1873 - 1996
- 1873 - 1994
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.
Biographical / Historical
The U.S. National Weather Service station's headquarters were located in downtown Charlotte until approximately 1948, when a new office was opened at Douglas Municipal Airport (now Charlotte/Douglas International Airport). By 1950 observation records were being kept entirely at the airport office, and the downtown office eventually closed. In 1996, the airport office closed when the National Weather Service opened a regional office in Greer, S.C. at the Greenville-Spartanburg Airport. These records reflect the changes in meteorological record keeping practices. In the United States, standardized systems of meteorological observation and record keeping began in the Office of the Surgeon General in 1818 and were transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1847. These functions were taken over by the Office of the Chief Signal Officer of the War Department in 1870. The United States Weather Bureau was established as a separate department in 1890 and placed in the Department of Agriculture. In 1940, the Bureau was transferred to the Department of Commerce. Later, in 1965, the Bureau was consolidated with the Coast and Geodetic Survey to form the Environmental Science Services Administration, which was superseded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [Officially, the agency is known as the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service.] [NOTE: For additional information, see Donald Robert Whitnah, A History of the United States Weather Bureau (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1961.]
26 Linear Feet
Language of Materials
Meteorological records maintained since the beginning of formal, U.S.-sponsored weather observations in Charlotte. Includes correspondence (1878-86); daily journals (1878-1904), which describe in detail the effects of the 1886 earthquake; and the Monthly Meteorological Record (1878-).
The collection is arranged into two main series and several subseries. There is also one file of clippings that is not organized into either series. The series are as follows:
Correspondence, Weather Data Records - Daily, Weekly, Monthly and Annual Ledgers (subseries: Daily Journals, Miscellaneous weather forms, Weekly Meteorological Records, Monthly Observations, Daily Records and Annual Summaries (subseries: U.S. Department of Agriculture Weather Bureau - Forms 1001, 1002 and 1014 Meteorological), Monthly Meteorological Records (subseries: Monthly Meteorological Summary, Monthly Meteorological Report and Weather Surface Observations)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Records received on an annual basis from the Charlotte Station of the U.S. National Weather Service, 1978-1997. Transfer from UNC Charlotte Library Government Documents Unit, 1989.
- Charlotte (N.C.) -- Climate Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Meteorology -- North Carolina -- Charlotte -- Charts, diagrams, etc. Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- United States. National Weather Service. Charlotte Station (Charlotte, N.C.)
- Records of the U.S. National Weather Service, Charlotte Station
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note