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United States Army, 1st North Carolina Regiment, Company M photograph album

 Collection — Box: 1 [F09.058.04.02], Item: AL253/1-89
Identifier: MS0253

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of an album of photographs taken by a member of the North Carolina Regiment, 1st Company M during the Spanish-American War. The photograph album includes scenes of Jacksonville, Fla., Savannah, Ga., and Havana, Cuba from May, 1898 to April, 1899. Also included are snapshots of soldiers enduring camp life and combat drills. In the descriptions, handwritten captions are in quotation marks.


  • Creation: 1898 - 1899


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

During the last decades of the nineteenth century threats of hostilities escalated between Spain and the United States over troubles in Cuba. On April 11, 1898 President McKinley met with Congress for authorization to intervene and Spain declared war on the United States on April 24. North Carolina was one of the first states to respond to President McKinley's call for troops and Charlotte supplied three companies -- A and M of the 1st Regiment, the first to be formed in the state, and Company A of the 3rd Regiment, which was comprised of African-Americans. Most of the members of Company M enlisted in Charlotte on April 27 and were mustered into service at Camp Bryan Grimes on May 2. The regiment was sent to Jacksonville, Fla., for training, arriving there on May 23. Meanwhile, in Cuba, the months of June and July saw the heaviest fighting of the war in Santiago de Cuba. Although a temporary suspension of hostilities was agreed upon between the countries at war in August, the United States government required American troops to remain combat ready in case warfare erupted in Havana during the winter season. In October, the 1st Regiment moved to Savannah, Ga. in preparation for transportation to Cuba. Finally, on December 7 the regiment broke camp and boarded transport ships bound for Havana, Cuba. The Treaty of Paris that ended the war was signed on December 10, 1898, yet the United States government continued to send troops to Cuba. The soldiers of the 1st Regiment arrived in Cuba on December 11 and established Camp Columbia seven miles from Havana. The author of the Roster of the North Carolina Volunteers in The Spanish-American War 1898-1899 states that the members of the 1st Regiment were the first American soldiers to arrive at Havana. These regiments were largely peace-keeping forces, although they continued to hold combat drills. A large part of their mission involved acting as the occupation forces while the Spanish evacuated Cuba. The company mustered out in Savannah on April 22, 1899. [For further information, see North Carolina. Adjutant General's Dept., Roster of the North Carolina Volunteers in The Spanish-American War 1898-1899 (Raleigh, N.C.: Edwards & Broughton and E.M. Uzzell, 1900).]


0.05 Linear Feet (1 album)

Language of Materials



Photographs taken by an unidentified member of one of three companies of troops organized in Charlotte for service in the Spanish-American War of 1898.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased from Chris Layman, October, 1997.

Related Materials

Fred D. Alexander Papers (UNCC Manuscript 91).

Photograph album of the United States Army, 1st North Carolina Regiment, Company M
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
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Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives, UNC Charlotte Repository

Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
9201 University City Blvd
Charlotte NC 28223 United States

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