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United States Army 38th Evacuation Hospital collection

Identifier: MS0004

Scope and Contents

Contains records generated by the 38th Evac during its operation in North Africa and Europe. Also includes material related to LeGette Blythe's published history of the Unit. Finally, an exhibit on the Unit in 1994 at the Museum of the New South in Charlotte generated additional material for this collection as well.

Missing Title

  1. Blythe, LeGette, 1900-1993. 38th Evac.
  2. Military hospitals.
  3. United States. Army. Evacuation Hospital, 38th--History.
  4. World War, 1939-1945--Medical care.


  • Creation: 1940-1967, 1986-1994


Language of Materials


Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

In 1940, Gen. George Marshall approved formation of the U.S. Army 38th Evacuation Hospital at the request of Charlotte doctors and nurses who desired to form a medical unit. Activated in March 1942, the Unit received military training at Fort Bragg. The Unit then went to England (August-October, 1942); North Africa (November, 1942-September, 1943); and Italy (through July, 1945). The 38th Evac supported front line aid stations and mobile surgical units, treated disease, and transferred patients to general hospitals. Deactivation occurred following the Unit's tour of duty in Italy. Features in Time and Life and wire service stories by Richard Tregaskis made the 38th Evac one of the best known units during the war. [Tregaskis underwent brain surgery in the Hospital in Italy.] A detailed history is found in 38th Evac.


4.25 Linear Feet (8 boxes)


Records of a medical unit, formed in 1940 by doctors at Charlotte Memorial Hospital (now Carolinas Medical Center) to support front line aid stations during World War II in North Africa and Italy. Contains official reports, a unit history, photographs, correspondence, and maps of encampments. LeGette Blythe used much of this material in his published history of the Unit, 38th Evac (1966), which is documented in this collection with manuscripts, galleys, and page proofs.


This collection is arranged into the following series:

Medical Unit, 38th Evac Book, Photographic Materials and Oversize Materials

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of 38th Evacuation Hospital Unit and LeGette Blythe. Gift of Dr. O. Jones Hunter in 1994. Gift of Martha Pegram Mitchell in 1994. Gift of Mrs. John C. Montgomery in 1994. Gift of Peter Pickens in 1995.

Related Materials

UNCC collections: LeGette Blythe Papers; Clarence O. Kuester, Dr. Papers; Eizabeth Gloser DeSantis Papers; Raymond W. Whittier. National Library of Medicine has images of the unit.

Processing Information

Processed by Robert A. McInnes, 2005; encoded by Robert A. McInnes, 2010.

United States. Army. 38th Evacuation Hospital collection
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Manuscript Collections, J. Murrey Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives, UNC Charlotte Repository

Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte
9201 University City Blvd
Charlotte NC 28223 United States

About this Site

Finding aids are guides to archival collections, including manuscripts, university records, and oral history collections. These guides help you find physical collections which can be viewed in the Dalton Reading Room on the 10th floor of Atkins Library. A small number of finding aids link to digital content online. Please contact us to learn more or to schedule an appointment:

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(704) 687-1170
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